She was then assigned to ferry occupation forces to Korea and China. By the evening of 10 September, unloading was complete. View the summary page for this ship! Manager: Det Bergenske Dampskibsselskab, Bergen During the night of 11 July and 12 July, another enemy air attack resulted in chaos as the transports and screening ships tried to defend themselves. Final Fate - 1939 (Norway still neutral): Sunk at 09:45 on Dec. 1-1939 following a powerful explosion when on a voyage London-Stavanger with a cargo of coal. Both pics are from Bjørn Milde's postcard collection. Arcturus was possibly similar to our sun but has now passed the main sequence period of its lifespan. U-21 | Fritz Frauenheim. On 5 September, Arcturus got underway with TF.81, the Southern Attack Force, under the command of Rear Admiral John L. Hall. Arcturus (Commercial Fishing Vessel; New Bedford, MA; built 2009; 165 … The cargo ship got underway on 4 December from Shanghai, China, for Seattle, Washington, where she arrived on 22 December. The next morning, they were spotted by a British aircraft which directed a Danish vessel to their location and the survivors were landed at Fredrikshavn, Denmark. Steel hull, 229.9 x 35.2 x 16, 1277 gt, 1850 tdwt, Tripple Expansion (BMV) 145nhp 9.5 knots. By 1939 she was in cargo service Trondheim-Bergen-Glasgow-Manchester (once a month). Also, I've used info received from Jan Olof Hendig, Sweden and "Axis Submarine Successes of World War Two", Jürgen Rohwer (ref. As the first waves of boats moved toward the beaches, enemy torpedo bombers attacked. On 15 April, Arcturus received orders to Saipan where she was routed on to Pearl Harbor and San Francisco, arriving at the latter port on 18 May. Until late October, Arcturus carried cargo from Naples and Oran to Marseilles and St. Tropez as the Allies advanced up the Rhone River valley. Placed in cargo service Trondheim-western Norway-River Thames-London. SS Arcturus was a passenger ship of the Finland Steamship Company operating primarily on the route between Hanko, Finland and Hull, England via Copenhagen, Denmark. Russell C. Bartman in command. The assault progressed like a textbook drill due to excellent gunfire support, air cover, and experienced boat crews. Arcturus was awarded five battle stars for her World War II service. On 26 March, the ships stood out of Ulithi lagoon and set course for Okinawa. According to Uboat.net (external link), Arcturus was on her way from Burntisland to Trondheim at the time, and says the Danish ship was D/S Ivar. To Arcturus on the "Ships starting with A" page. The cargo ship began her Navy career with two years of general auxiliary duty operating out of ports along the east coast as far north as NS Argentia, Newfoundland, and south to San Juan, Puerto Rico. Arcturus was still anchored off Fedhala on 12 November when the German submarine U-130 attacked. The ship joined a convoy on 17 November and returned to the United States, where she entered the Norfolk Navy Yard at Portsmouth, Virginia, for an overhaul that lasted until 18 December. external link below). Related item on this website: Thread on Arcturus on my Ship Forum. Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, http://www.coltoncompany.com/shipbldg/ussbldrs/wwii/shipsbytype/cargoships.htm, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=USS_Arcturus_(AKA-1)&oldid=956489791, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, AKA-1 (attack cargo ship), 1 February 1943, This page was last edited on 13 May 2020, at 17:06. Sunk at 09:45 on Dec. 1-1939 following a powerful explosion when on a voyage London-Stavanger with a cargo of coal. She served as a commissioned ship for 5 years and 5 months. 8 were able to get on the rafts and tied them together. Acquired by the Navy on 20 September 1940, she was converted to a cargo ship at the Philadelphia Navy Yard, and commissioned on 26 October 1940 as Arcturus (AK-18), with Comdr. The text on this page was compiled with the help of: Misc. She then steamed to Ulithi where she joined Transport Group "Baker" of the Northern Attack Force for the invasion of Okinawa. The following men had lost their lives: The first website that I've linked to below says she sank in 2 minutes (having struck a mine), adding that 9 died, while 17 survivors were picked up by the Danish cargo vessel. Tonnage: 1277 gt. Related external links: Enemy air attacks continued, but less frequently and with decreasing intensity. USS Arcturus (AK-18/AKA-1) was an Arcturus-class attack cargo ship named after Arcturus, a star in the constellation Boötes. She was transferred to the Maritime Commission for disposal, and was sold to a Panamanian company on 24 June 1947. Arcturus was featured in the first episode (Cocoon) of Hawaii 50 and a lot of scenes were filmed on board. As soon as a new load was stowed on board, Arcturus got underway for Tulagi and Guadalcanal for training, rehearsals, and loading. Captain Nicolai Ludvik Engene, 1st Mate Roald Karlaug, 2nd Mate Einar Ramm, Able Seaman Aksel Walholm (listed as Aksel Warholm at the Stavern Memorial - see link below), Ordinary Seaman Ansgar Kaspersen, Chief engineer Finn Skage, Donkeyman Karl Helland, Stoker Emil Gundersen Lunde (Emil Sigred Lunde at Stavern Memorial), and Cook Peder Wichmann. In its earlier years it was one of the primary ships that Finnish emigrants sailed on when heading to North America. She began merchant service as SS Star Arcturus, and was scrapped in 1971.. Det Bergenske Dampskibsselskab also had a ship named Arcturus after the war, delivered in Dec.-1947. Photo Details: Photographer: Paul Wille [View profile] Title: ARCTURUS: Added: Aug 19, 2013: Captured: May 04, 1973: IMO: 6929557: Hits: 1,372: Location: Vancouver, Canada: Photo Category: General cargo … Published OCLC, Dublin, Ohio. Arcturus remained at anchor off the coast of Algeria until November when she steamed to the recently captured and cleared port of Naples for amphibious training. Sold in Febr.-1958 to Det Nordenfjeldske Dampskibsselskap and renamed Atle Jarl. The convoy arrived at Jinsen on 8 September, and the occupation troops were joyfully received by the Koreans. Arcturus (Cargo ship) Web WorldCat. Finally, on 19 September, she was again loaded with Marines and vehicles in convoy to Tientsin, China, where she anchored on 30 September. , On 12 December 1930 in fog in the Kattegat Arcturus collided with another Finnish Steamship Company ship, Oberon. , Arcturus remained in service until 1956. Stopping first at Nouméa, New Caledonia, on 27 January 1943 and then at Brisbane, Australia, four days later, Arcturus returned to the east coast immediately. Arcturus escaped, but three other auxiliaries were destroyed. After loading cargo and supplies, Arcturus returned to the western Pacific to resupply the troops advancing on Okinawa. There's quite a bit of confusion surrounding this name, because there were a few other ships named Arcturus and the various sources have a tendency to get them mixed up. The cargo ship's boats rescued survivors before the Center Group got underway to avoid more submarine attacks. ARCTURUS - IMO 6929557. Just as Arcturus weighed anchor to retire from the transport area, she received orders to take on wounded, mainly German prisoners of war. On 15 August, when Japan capitulated, Arcturus was still at Okinawa. Arcturus was laid down as Mormachawk on 26 July 1938 under a Maritime Commission contract (MC hull 19) by the Sun Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co., Hull 176 at Chester, Pennsylvania. Delivered in Dec.-1910 from Bergens Mek. For almost an hour, torpedoes and bombs fell throughout the transport area, but neither Arcturus nor any other ship suffered hits. The landing was unopposed. Photos of ARCTURUS (MMSI: 244670535) Browse and rate photos uploaded by our community. Arcturus returned to Okinawa to load more cargo and troops but had to steam seaward to avoid a typhoon. sources: J. Rohwer says this particular Arcturus was torpedoed and sunk by U-21* (Frauenheim) on the date given above. Filter the results based on the photo properties. For info, U-31 has also been credited with the loss of Gimle and Primula a few days later, as well as Vestvard the following year - follow the links for details. Oberon sank in only three minutes, with the loss of 41 of her passengers and crew. Photos of ARCTURUS Browse and rate photos uploaded by our community. Broken up in 1980. Unfortunately, in the hope of completely surprising the Germans, no prelanding bombardment preceded the boats, and many men in the landing craft were killed. Photos of vessel ARCTURUS uploaded by the MarineTraffic community. In October 1942, Arcturus received orders to load landing craft and join the Western Naval Task Force (Task Force (TF) 34) in the invasion of North Africa. About this resource. H-hour was set for 0245 on 10 July, but delays in organizing the convoy postponed the landing for one hour. The ship was launched on 18 May 1939, sponsored by Miss Mollie Foulks Lee, and delivered to Moore McCormack Lines, Inc. on 27 July 1939. After several rehearsals at Salerno for the amphibious landings in southern France, Arcturus joined TF 85, the "Delta" Force in this operation, and stood off the designated beaches at La Nartelle on 15 August, awaiting H-hour, 0800. Note that this casualty list appears to be a combination of those who died on the 1277 gt Arcturus and those who lost their lives on the 1682 gt Arcturus, which can be found in my Homefleet section. Transiting the Panama Canal on 9 January 1945, the cargo ship arrived at Pearl Harbor on 23 January and immediately unloaded her cargo. The cargo ship set sail on 27 February to rejoin the war effort in the Mediterranean. Filter the results based on the photo properties. , A scale model by Tomi Isopahkala in Maritime Museum of Finland, "Dundonians who attended the launch of the steamer Arcturus…", Finland Steamship Company's Emigrant Ships: S/S Arcturus, The Emigrant Route: Hangö-Copenhagen-Hull, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Arcturus_(steamship)&oldid=982977484, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 October 2020, at 14:33. Redesignated as an attack cargo ship AKA-1 on 1 February, she then underwent a repair availability at the Boston Navy Yard, from 13 March until 4 April. Arcturus and 14 other empty cargo and transport ships sailed for Oran with an escort of 10 destroyers. The transports and cargo ships retired seaward at night to minimize the clangor from kamikaze attacks. The U-boat was sunk with all hands in March-1940, raised and repaired, sunk again that same year (ref. High winds and heavy Atlantic seas tossed Arcturus unmercifully, causing a fire in the pyrotechnic locker and the loss of 5 inch ammunition on the after gundeck. The cargo ship remained at Oran while plans were firmed up for the landings at Salerno. The ships entered Casablanca on 15 November, and Arcturus completed unloading her cargo of small arms ammunition. SS Arcturus was a passenger ship of the Finland Steamship Company operating primarily on the route between Hanko, Finland and Hull, England via Copenhagen, Denmark.Built in 1898 by Gourlay Brothers shipyard in Dundee, Scotland, the Arcturus remained in service until 1956. After disembarking at Hull, emigrants would typically take a train to Liverpool to board a transatlantic liner. By 0335 the next day, the first wave of boats was landing at Paestum. Arcturus arrived off Fedhala, French Morocco, just before midnight on 7 November, with the landing scheduled for daybreak on the 8th. Arcturus got underway from Norfolk on 27 December and joined a convoy carrying urgently needed supplies to the southwestern Pacific. The torpedo from U-31 (Habekost) had struck in the port side aft and she started to sink immediately. Arcturus crossed the Atlantic and formed up at Oran, Algeria, with the transports and escorts of "Cent" force under Rear Admiral Alan G. Kirk. By 8 July, the convoy was underway for Scoglitti, Sicily, where TF 85 was to land as part of a three-pronged attack.
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