social economic and environmental impacts of the nepal earthquake

//social economic and environmental impacts of the nepal earthquake

social economic and environmental impacts of the nepal earthquake

Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Many lodges and home-stay buildings were destroyed in the earthquake. A CASE STUDY OF EARTHQUAKE More than 16000 lost their lives. Your email address will not be published. IN NEPAL Extreme rains and flooding will carry big amounts of sediments that will raise the river level and hit the farmlands and settlements downstream. Contaminated debris requires environmentally safe handling and disposal. Homes may be destroyed. However, the foremost impact of the earthquake will come in the form of a rise in poverty in a country where a quarter of the population lives in absolute poverty. After the decimation of local species of plants by the earthquake, there is great risk of colonisation by invasive ones. A 7.3 magnitude aftershock that occurred 17 days after the main tremor also caused additional losses of lives and destruction of homes and other infrastructure. The rivers will carry large amounts of debris that include rock fragments, boulders, sand, silt and clay. This impact is going to have far reaching consequences in the ecological health, geology, forests, bio-diversity, wildlife, fresh water sources and more. The rocky slope above the village has developed dangerous cracks. Last year, Nepal attracted around 800,000 tourists and the tourism sector created 300,000 jobs. The danger is lurking for the next rainy season, and we are very much worried about it because we have nowhere else to go, she said. More than half a million houses were completely destroyed, and an additional 200,000 houses were damaged. This problem can be the cause of internal migration in many places. As of this date, Scribd will manage your SlideShare account and any content you may have on SlideShare, and Scribd's General Terms of Use and Privacy Policy will apply. Trekking routes, another big draw, and infrastructure for mountaineering expeditions have been destroyed, further darkening the prospects for tourism in Nepal. Damaged infrastructure includes roads, trails and irrigation canals. Nepal’s low debt-to-GDP ratio is one of them. More of the weakened infrastructure is lying vulnerable to further damage during the next monsoon season. Breeding of wild animals and birds is also suspected to be adversely affected. Such a process causes flooding and sedimentation of farmlands, forests and human settlements. Learn more. Reconstruction efforts will likely further fuel already high inflation, which, despite low oil prices, is hovering around 7%, though inflation in India, Nepal’s largest trading partner, is easing. The intense rains exacerbate the events of landslides, soil erosion and rock falls in areas weakened by the earthquake. The earthquake has distabilised and changed the regular underground water conduits and affected the water table. Though this year’s growth estimate has been lowered to 4.6%, officials seem hopeful of an improvement from next year as a result of economic activities propelled by the reconstruction drive. as you wrote the book in it or something. On April 25, 2015, a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck Nepal, destroying villages and devastating the land. In case you can’t find any email from our side, please check the spam folder. There was a rock fall which luckily did not directly hit the houses. Melting ice mass is more vulnerable to slide into an avalanche in the event of an earthquake. This geological condition was made still more vulnerable by a frenzy of rural road construction that has been going on since the past several years. A great read. Social and economic 8,632 dead and 19,009 injured. Social impacts Economic impacts Environmental impacts; Short-term (immediate) impacts: People may be killed or injured. Your session has expired, please login again. Environmental, Economic and Social Factors affected by Earthquakes Economic factors: Short Term - Shops and other businesses can be destroyed and that may lead to looting where looter steal money and other goods from unsecured homes and shops.Also transport and communication links may be damaged making it hard to call for help from a short distance and to trade. Copyright © HT Digital Streams Limited All rights reserved. Though the devastating quake and its powerful aftershocks shook the whole nation, 14 districts in the central region of the country were most severely affected. Officials say that Nepal can raise public debt worth over $6 billion in the next five years to finance a massive reconstruction drive by raising the country’s debt-to-GDP ratio to 50% even if it maintains low growth, averaging 4.5%. Availability of biological resources plays an essential role in Nepal in addressing poverty, hunger and food security in the rural areas. Though the consequences of the calamity have been felt across all sectors of the economy, there are some sectors where the impact has been especially severe. Water–its uses and effects–is a recurrent theme in post-earthquake Nepal. Changes in the water quality and water levels in the wells are also reported. However, Nepalis are dependent upon using wood for fuel, causing this destructive practice to continue. According to the environmental assessment report, the watersheds in the Koshi and Gandaki river basins were adversely affected by the earthquake. The chain effect will move beyond the areas directly affected by the quake as floods and erosion will affect the communities, wildlife, forests and agricultural land in the downstream areas. All the affected municipalities are having difficulty finding an appropriate site to dispose off the debris from the disaster. The losses that occurred in 14 most affected districts are valued at Rs. According to the Nepal Earthquake 2015 Rapid Environmental Assessment report published by the Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment, the Gorkha Earthquake triggered thousands of landslides and cracks in 31 districts of the country, significantly damaging settlements, infrastructure, agricultural land, forests and water sources.

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By |2020-10-30T15:50:29+00:00October 30th, 2020|Uncategorized|Comments Off on social economic and environmental impacts of the nepal earthquake

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